According to the US government’s National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2016 was the hottest year on record for the third consecutive year, with a global average temperature of 0.99°C higher than the average recorded from the years 1951 to 1980.
Climate change, or the global differences in climate phenomenon, has many causes: energy from volcanic eruptions, changes in the Earth’s orbit, the movement of tectonic plates, and even oscillations in the atmosphere and ocean systems of the Pacific – events which we call El Niño’s and La Niña’s.

However, the majority of scientists agree that the earth’s warming during the mid-20th century is largely to be associated with emissions of heat-trapping gases caused by human activity. Human activity, especially since the Industrial Revolution, has caused a spike in the emission of greenhouse gases, mainly from the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation. These gases in the atmosphere lead to greater absorption of the sun’s energy by the earth, causing global warming. This in turn hastens the melting of the ice glaciers in the Northern Hemisphere, ocean acidification, oxygen depletion, and the sea level rise. Here in the Philippines, possible effects of climate change are increased amounts of rainfall and extreme weather conditions. Read more…

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